- 50% Fibonacci maintaining resistance for USD/ZAR
- Local economic landscape beginning to gain more favor as global influences lessen
- Rising COVID-19 cases persist however, vaccine optimism attempts to control the surge
VACCINE ARRIVALS VS RISING CASES
Last week brought about a shift from US Dollar and global risk stimuli to a more locally focused impact on the USD/ZAR currency pair. With rising deaths and infection rates in South Africa, the announcement of vaccines from India have only provided temporary respite. There is extensive debate on rollout procedures and logistics which are yet to be endorsed by many major stakeholders including much of the South African public.
USD/ZAR DAILY CHART
Chart prepared by Warren Venketas, IG
The end of November was the last time prices touched the 15.4865 level. This level is key as it marks the 50% Fibonacci level which was taken from February 2018 lows to April 2020 highs. This is a major area of confluence which has served as both support and resistance multiple times dating back to 2016. A confirmed break above or below could serve as a short-medium term indication of the Rand going forward.
Currently the Relative Strength Index (RSI) is approaching overbought levels which may suggest this short-term rally has run its course. The fact that price has respected the 15.4865 level represented by 4 consecutive daily candles, illustrates the importance of this horizontal resistance zone.
The persisting longer-term downtrend, overbought RSI and resistance at the 50% Fibonacci level could point towards a possible continuation of the downtrend and a push lower toward the 15.0000 psychological level. Alternatively, a stronger US Dollar and a worsening COVID-19 situation in South Africa could see a break above resistance toward the November swing high at 15.7357.
SOUTH AFRICAN RETAIL SALES DATA SET FOR FURTHER REDUCTION
Wednesday sees local retail sales data (11:00 GMT) for November forecasted at -2.3% which is less than October’s figures of -1.8%. This may not have a massive impact on the currency due to the backdated nature of the data which is likely already priced in. However, if figures deviate significantly from estimates, a short-term price swing may occur.
Source: DailyFX Economic Calendar
USD/ZAR: KEY POINTS TO CONSIDER MOVING FORWARD
- 15.4865 resistance level
- Local vaccine rollout and cases
- Dollar forecast
— Written by Warren Venketas for DailyFX.com
Contact and follow Warren on Twitter: @WVenketas
DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.